Mulching is a process whereby organic or inorganic material is spread to the lawn prior to planting. The process of using mulch has been proven to be very effective in enhancing the quality of soil in a garden. It is also a good way to recycle old newspapers and plastic at home.

There are different types of mulch depending on your garden needs. Most people find it unnecessary but have been proven to give a lot of benefits when completed. You can use mulch for a lot of reasons including the following:

Moisture Retention

Using mulch is a good way to keep the soil moisture especially during hot, dry summer season. Moisture is needed so that plants get the necessary nutrients it needs and prevent it from easily withering.

Heat Trapping

Aside from keeping moisture, mulch also traps heat that is needed during cold, freezing months. Mulch keeps heat that prevents frost from uprooting plant roots as soon as it reaches the ground surface.

Weed Prevention and Control

Another way to prevent weed from thriving abundantly is through the use of mulch. It is an effective way to control weeds after you have spread layers onto the ground.

mulching for garden growth

Control Soil Erosion

Mulch is also a good way to prevent soil erosion as it breaks down the impact of heavy rain.

Mulches also have different functions and use. Take a look at the following functions that these mulches have:

Pebble and Gravel Mulch

This will serve as a good covering while you are still thinking what to plant. However, it may not have an all-natural appeal compared to using organic mulch.

Straw Mulch

Newly seeded lawns can make use of straw mulch. Vegetable gardens are also recommended to use this kind of mulch. It is inexpensive and ready to use however you have to check for its availability in your area.


This type of mulch is better than plastic. You can have it spread onto the ground and covered by wooden chips to prevent it from getting blown by the wind.

Wood Chips, Barks, and Sawdust

These are commonly used for gardening as they are readily available. Wood chips are durable and can be bought from home and garden stores. Wooden barks do not break off easily also making them ideal to use. Sawdust is given freely but will require you to add nitrogen to prevent microorganisms from thriving in your garden mulch.


This can be abundant especially when you have your own compost pile. It is also hefty in nutrients as soon as the compost breaks down.

Leaf Mold

This is a common choice for mulch because they are free and easy to find. However, you will have to put heavy objects such as small rocks on top to prevent it from getting blown away. Nitrogen should also be added to the leaf mold to prevent bugs from infesting. Be sure to avoid using walnut leaves as it contains iodine that is bad for the plants you are growing.

Mulches can be either organic or inorganic depending on what you prefer to use. You can have them placed around the plants in your vegetable garden to be able to perform their different functions.

Although they cannot stop weeds from growing, they are able to prevent them from thriving abundantly as these steal nutrients which are supposed to be for the plants.

Mulches are also good insulators, coolers and can also reduce risks of having numerous plant diseases to occur. They can also improve soil texture and can add an attractive appeal to your garden. Further, mulches prevent soil erosion and compaction.