As many of us already know, worm composting produces excellent organic fertilizers for plants. Worm composting processes organic materials such as fruit peelings, vegetable peelings, grass clippings and other biodegradable materials.
Worm Composting Equals Nutrient Rich Organic Fertilizer
You need only to put the right amount of organic material into the compost bins, and you can let them work their magic!
They will turn those fruit and vegetable peelings, those grass clippings and those shredded newspapers into fresh worm castings—perfect for enriching and enhancing plant life in your home garden.
That is why a people are getting more and more interested in organic gardening and worm composting. People buy worms on the internet just to start organic gardening and worm composting at home.
So if people want to have worm compost in their garden, they have to start worm composting and they have to learn how to harvest their compost. How do you harvest worm compost? The following methods can help you out.
Worm Castings Harvesting Method #1: The Dump and Sort Method
This method is simple as child’s play. The first thing that you need to do is dump the bin’s contents onto a flat surface, which preferably, is covered by a plastic sheet (a table would do very well, and do go a little further down if you require instructions for building your own compost bin).
Now, the big pile of mound on that flat surface needs either a natural or artificial light shone onto it. Next, you split up that large mound into several smaller ones around the plastic sheet you placed earlier.
As the light keeps on shining onto those little mounds, the more likely the worms will want to get away from the light and heat. They will do so by moving downward into the mounds.
The layers on the top portion of the mounds should now be collected because they are the compost you will want to use. Light and heat will once again bother the exposed worms, resulting in them going further and further into the mounds.
Just keep on doing the same thing until the heaps that remain on the surface are only sufficient for holding the worms in.
Worm Castings Harvesting Method #2: Changing Sides
This is another simple method. What you do is you move all of the compost into one side of the bin. Then add some fresh bedding on the other side of the compost bin.
After having done so, start putting some fresh worm food on the new bedding. This will entice your worms and will tempt them to go after the fresher bedding and fresher food.
After some months, your worms will have finished consuming all the nutrition on the older side of the compost and will now transfer to the newer side. This makes it very easy, as you will no longer have to do any digging to separate the worms from the worm composts.
Worm composting is simple. And as you have read above, harvesting the products of your worm composting is simple too.
The above are just a couple of examples of harvesting your worm composting system. There are certainly more ways to harvest your worm composting system—all you have to do is find out and practice!
DIY Compost Bin
If you possess reasonably good DIY skills, you may choose to make your own composting bins. You can use any rough wood but obviously the better the wood, the better your finished bin will look in the garden.
Rough sawn boards can look good and perfectly adequate for the purpose. You will need a lid to retain the heat and keep out the rain. This could be some plastic sheeting or old carpets but if you have the skills, a close fitting lid with hinges will look much better.
If you do not make a bin in sections, leave the nails at the front protruding enough to pull them out with a claw hammer, it will be easy to get at your finished compost.
Making your own bin can ensure that it fits perfectly into the available space. It is very rewarding to make your own bin and they can look really good in the garden.
It is possible to make a bin from straw bales, these provide the necessary insulation but won’t last very long and they can take up a lot of room due to their bulk.
Chicken wire wrapped round some stakes in the ground is great for a leaf mold bin, and you could use this for a compost bin by adding some cardboard around the sides for insulation.
If you construct a bin with identical interlocking sections stacked on top of one another, you will have a very versatile system. As you use the compost, you can remove the top sections and start a new heap with them. You could even make a few extra sections to make even more versatile.
To make a bin you will need for each section:
* 4 boards of the required length (28/29 inch would be fine) which are approx 30 inch wide and at least 1 inch thick.
* 4 wooden corner blocks. These need to be approx 2 inch square and about 2 inch long.
* 20 screws 1.4 inch number 8’s
* A saw
* A drill
* A screwdriver
You will probably need approx 10 sections. You can use boards of different widths on different sections. You will need to adjust the length of the corner blocks appropriately, and you should keep the length and the thickness the same.
Once you have prepared your boards for the section, cut 4 lengths for the corner blocks and attach 2 of the boards to the blocks—each board to 2 blocks.
The ends of the boards need to be flush with the blocks and the blocks should be offset so that they project 0.8 inch beyond the edge of the board.
You should drill 3 holes, 1 inch deep at one end of the board, through the board and into the block. Use 3 of the screws to fasten them together.
These boards will make opposite sides of the section so if the sections are not going to be square, ensure these boards are both the same length.
You next need to join these two sides by attaching the remaining 2 boards. This time just drill two holes and use 2 screws. You continue making the sections until you have enough.